Curiosity, Dialogue, and Knowledge
What do Duke, Harvard, Stanford, MIT, the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, the Max Planck Society (Germany), and many other public and private institutions both in the US and abroad have in common? They have all decided to allow open access publishing to flourish.
Don’t know what open access publishing is? Well, you’re not alone. I read a good primer on the subject written by Peter Suber, Director of the Harvard Open Access Project, to get up to speed. In this introduction piece, he details many of the most important ideas about open access. Here’s how he defines it, “Open-access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions.”
Another good read on the subject comes from the Budapest Open Access Initiative. This group is made up of international scholars from Quebec to London. An excerpt from their mission statement reads:
The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge. The new technology is the internet. The public good they make possible is the world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds. Removing access barriers to this literature will accelerate research, enrich education, share the learning of the rich with the poor and the poor with the rich, make this literature as useful as it can be, and lay the foundation for uniting humanity in a common intellectual conversation and quest for knowledge.
If their statement sounds a little too Utopian for you because we all know that we can’t get something for nothing, then I have another question for you to consider: why do we pay tax dollars to support public research that is only available to researchers and students who also pay for the privilege to read the research from journals that the publicly supported colleges are subscribing to for increasingly larger fees? To me, that sounds more like we’ve flipped the old adage on its head; we can get nothing for something.
How do we fit in? Speech pathologists often have a hard time gaining access to the robust data being put out by our research community. Because we don’t have access to quality literature on new methodologies, we focus on gaining certifications in unproven treatments (Vital Stim, DPNS, Beckman Oral Motor, Myofascial Release, etc.) vs. having open access to research on those same treatment methodologies as they are being proven or dis-proven and then getting hands on training as needed. I’m not trying to make a value statement on whether the above therapies are “good” or “bad”, but simply that the research that is out there is either meager or fractured to the point that it’s quite difficult to access it.
We also fracture our knowledge base by having specialized periodicals that are only available through additional membership costs, to the tune of another $90-$270 dollars a year if you got anywhere from 6 to all 18 SIG periodicals. The problem is that much of the best research is unavailable because of cost. (Who wants to pay $45 for a single article that may or may not help your clinical practice?) ASHA needs to make its periodicals of all kinds open access. Furthermore, all public institutions should adopt OA friendly policies that help shift the paradigm. But, one thing at a time, right?
The benefits for ASHA and the researchers, who need specialized recognition to advance within academia, are more than just warm fuzzy feelings that they have done the right thing. I believe that there are many benefits to be had with open access: increased publicity for researchers and their work, wider distribution and increased public awareness, more dialogue between researchers and clinicians, a serious reduction in the bottle-necking of information, and most importantly- better patient outcomes.
Journal articles are only part of what will help provide increasing publicity and public awareness of what we do. Take a look at Khan Academy (http://www.khanacademy.org/) for inspirational, altruistic education on a wide array of science, math, and art courses. Or look at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s free access to a whole laundry list of classes. Many of the same institutions that have signed on to OA publishing are also doing similar things with class offerings.
While all of this is wonderful and impressive, it’s not head-in-the-clouds craziness from expensive universities that can afford to try out the latest internet fad. What do I get as an individual from taking the class on Calculus from MIT? I don’t work toward a degree. I can’t transfer the credit hours. I do gain knowledge and the sense of accomplishment; no small accomplishment for me to pass their Calculus class by the way. Really then, this is good PR for MIT. It’s good exposure and it makes good business sense. We shouldn’t miss out on the same opportunities within our own field. We have the opportunity to make a real difference. We will lose nothing, enrich the learning of fellow SLPs and curious minds alike, and gain an immense amount of quality exposure on a national and global scale.
Sounds like a win to me.